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Robert L. Hess’s History of Research, Service and Teaching Contributions to the University of Michigan

For INTRA-UNIVERSITY CORRESPONDENCE!

THE UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN

November 20, 1984

MEMORANDUM TO:

FROM: Prof. Walter Debler

SUBJECT: Robert L. Hess’s History of Research, Service and Teaching Contributions to the University of Michigan.

Professor Hess received his B.S.E. in Engineering Mathematics and B.S.E. in Engineering Mechanics from the University of Michigan, after which he served as an Engineering Officer in the U.S. Navy.

Upon release from active world war II service he returned to Ann Arbor, the home of his wife, Gretchen R. (Ream) Hess and on a visit to the Engineering Mechanics office was hired as a full-time instructor and was asked to undertake a research project by Prof. J. Ormondroyd. The project became the basis of his Doctorial Thesis, “The Dynamics of Ship’s Structures, including Shear Deformations”.

This work was directed by Professor· Ormondroyd and became one of the first major engineering works to be programmed for the ENIAC (that being done by the David Taylor Model Basin, Dept. of the Navy).

During the three years of full time teaching, (Dr.) Hess served in the U.S. Naval Ready Reserve and spent his training periods at the Model Basin. He was honored by being requested to provide, along with his brother, 40 hours of lectures on mathematics and advanced dynamics for the scientific staff of the Navy at the Model Basin.

Professor Hess was recruited by the Bell Telephone Laboratories and joined BTL as a Member of the Technical Staff in the fall of 1949, being assigned to a ‘heavy-tube’ Development Group. The many research projects he participated in included the assignment to undertake the development of a pilot line for the production of both the material for and the devices known as ‘point-contact’, type A transistors. (This was before the courts orderd BTL to place the technology on the market and was thus a unique endeavor for Dr. Hess.) It was typical of him to have the breadth of both interest and scientific knowledge that brought him such a coveted assignment and also success in it. He developed new techniques of crystal growing and zone-purifying as well as a novel method of doping the contact area to created photo-sensitive transistors.

In his third year at BTL Dean G.G. Brown called him with an unsolicited offer to return to the U. of M. as an Assistant Prof. of Chemical and Metallurgical Eng. and Assistant Professor of Engineering Mechanics and to also take on a Phoenix Project dealing with the atomic structure of glass. Dean Brown gave Prof. Hess the challenge of creating a new course in structure of glass and ceramics. At the end of his third year Hess was promoted to Associate Professor of Engineering Mechanics and left the Chem. Met. Dept. He undertook the reactivation of the Dept.’s Photo-Elasticity Lab. and generated a course for it as well as teaching. in the areas of elasticity and dynamics.

In about 1957, Vice President and Dean of Faculties, Prof. M. Niehus asked Prof. Hess to join an elete committee of engineers and scientists to oversee the work of the Willow Run Laboratories which at that time was experiencing troubled relationships with the Department of the Army, its prime source of support. In Jan. 1958 Dean Niehuss requested that Hess take leave of his teaching and consulting practice and join a new management team, headed by Prof. J.A. Boyd {now Chairman of Harris Corp.) to salvage and redirect the Willow Run Laboratories. Hess was given the specific assignment of Technical Director of Project Michigan as well as an Assistant Directorship of WRL. In addition Hess became the Head of the Applied Research Group of the Labs. In March of 1958 Dean Attwood informed Hess of the approval of his promotion to full Professorship. (A promotion which was said to make Hess the youngest full professor in the College’s history.)

Prof. Hess soon developed a keen ability to manage multiple teams of researchers on topics varying from information processing, semiconductor development, infrared scanning and synthetic antenna radar. He was able to apply his knowledge of basic physics and mathematics to the tasks as a member of the teams involved and to also represent them to the top military officers and, upon the creation of a Department of Defense to the scientific part of that community. In his unique fashion and with unusual modesty his term of management, which after three years included the project directorship as well as it technical direction, Hess always put his staff in the foreground and sacrificed personal fame in the process. Never-the-less upon his decision to return to teaching, the Department of the Army awarded Prof. Hess with THE OUTSTANDING CIVILIAN SERVICE MEDAL the inscription of which read in part ‘Hess succeeded in establishing and maintaining the University of Michigan as the leading free world authority in surveillance technology’.

His own proven scientific talent and professional imagination contributed additionally to the accomplishments of a broad team of scientists and technicians. The rare combination of skill, foresight and devotion to country…’. During the years of 1964 and 1965·, Hess served as the personal representative of the U.S. Army’s Assist Chief of Staff for Intelligence and led teams of scientists through a comprehensive field review of the Army’s Combat Surveillance capabilities in Europe and in Korea. As a token of the regard that the Army had for Hess’s abilities, over 70% of his recommendations from the Korean area were implemented. In 1965 Professor Hess visited with President H. Hatcher with the view of leaving the Project Michigan assignment and returning to full-time teaching. By that time, the I.S.T. had been created and W.R.L. was part of it and Hess was one of its directors. President Hatcher, through Prof. Norman, Vice President for Research offered Hess the challenge of using the $10 million original gift from the automobile industry to create the Highway Safety Research Institute. A counter offer on Hess’ part allowed him to hire a top level ‘internal administrator’ for H.S.R.I. and thus to be able to devote his attention to building the staff and its research programs and to also return to teaching, which was his first love. With a regentially appointed Executive Committee and with the cooperation of dozens of the University’s faculty Hess was able in a few years to build a building, hire internationally known figures and to build a program of research spanning fields from Law to Medicine and from Engineering to Psychology. His untiring drive established the Institute as the world’s premiere institution of its kind and brought not only many millions of research dollars to our campus for the support of researchers, faculty and graduate students but also continued to enhance the reputation of the University of Michigan.

During a long period of the H.S.R.I. years, Hess also served the University as a Consultant to the Army’ Science Board where he both chaired and participated in the study of many of the nation’s outstanding technical problems and challanges.

During the last five years Professor Hess undertook two major research studies while teaching a nearly full load and directing the H.S.R.I. These were first the review of the complete research findings in the scientific, engineering and medical communities of the experimentation protocols and the knowledge in the area of blunt trauma to the human head and second, the same for the area of blunt trauma to the thorax. In each case an annotated history of the development of the government’s use of the knowledge in its regulation was developed and recommendations were put forward for the future of research in the field. The second of these studies was selected for publication in the S.A.E.’s transactions. Hess served the University by membership on President Nixon’s Highway Safety Advisory Committee and also undertook service as a Consultant to the World Health Organization.

Prof Hess resigned his position as Director of U.M.T.R.I. (the succesor to H.S.R.I.) and returned to a full time faculty teaching role in January of 1984. In keeping with his reputation, he has undertaken the teaching of the Control Systems course, ME461, a new course for him, with vigor and has provided new leadership in its laboratory and course work with several software packages he has written to enhance the depth and breath of the educational experience of the students He also accepted an assignment as the Mechanical Engineering Program Adviser and has written software packages now in use by that office to materially enhance the efficiency of the process and to allow the Adviser to take a proactive rather than a reactive role in counseling. He is also supervising the trial use of a professional in this office.

All in all, Professor Hess’ academic and service accomplishments are outstanding and the respect that he has rightfully gained from his peers is only reflective of the credit he has always given to them over 32 years of devoted service to the University. In the classroom, the laboratory and the office he has represented the best the University of Michigan could offer its students and country.

Willow Run Labs Project Michigan article from The Michigan Daily

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(I transcribed this article I found on the web https://digital.bentley.umich.edu/midaily/mdp.39015071754019/587)

Willow Run (Continued from Page 1)
Several times a year military brass will fly in on special transports to inspect the entire  Willow Run installation. The atmosphere is described as frequently tense by some insiders. Competition for military research contracts is high. Project Michigan, the mainstay of the operation is down to $2.5 million this year from $3.5 several years ago.
Like any office the facility has its in-group jokes. “One of our favorite jokes is to talk about the non-military uses of the new observatory in Hawaii,” says a Willow Run staffer. “Publicly the officials talk about the peaceful uses of the observatory. But everyone knows its there for tracking IC-BM’s and satellites.” Although WRL officials plead ignorance on the matter; there is informed speculation that the $4.3 million dollar observatory the University is staffing in Maui, Hawaii will play a role in satellite warfare.
The defense department sponsored observatory may be used in the highly secretive spy satellite business. Currently the Air-Force is developing a top secret anti-satellite system to knock enemy satellites out of action undetected. The idea is to use sophisticated electronic devices to “bump” an enemy satellite (equipped with cameras and eavesdropping gear) out of action. The new observatory will “track the mid-course flights of . . . orbiting satellites with advanced infrared sensing, measuring and recording devices,” according to President Hatcher’s 1963-64 Annual Report. Tracking the satellites would be an integral part of the anti-satellite system. And trade publications suggest that the new Hawaiian observatory could well be used, in that manner.

Work at the Willow Run center started in 1946 when the facility was known as the Michigan Aeronautical Research Center. The original work was done on adapting ballistic missiles for defense purposes under Project Wizard. In 1950 WRL worked in cooperation with Boeing aircraft on a new missile system to knock out bomber aircraft called BOM-ARC: Boeing Michigan Aeronautical Research Center.’

In 1953, the giant of all past and present research, Project Michigan was born and is still carried on under their auspices. Willis E. Groves, current head of Project Michigan says the basic purpose of Project Michigan was to “build better spectacles for our military” and that it is primarily concerned with radar and infrared research.

According to Robert L. Hess who was director of Project Michigan from 1962-65 when he became director of the Highway Research Institute, “Project Michigan was the best investment ($70 million over the past 13 years) the army ever made.

The army was similarly impressed with Hess’s work and in 1964 awarded him the Outstanding Civilian Service Medal for his contributions as director of Project Michigan, noting that he had “succeeded in establishing and maintaining the University of Michigan as the leading free world authority in surveillance technology.” Hess says he was shocked when he received the award: “I had no idea they were going to give me this, it was a wonderful surprise.”

The Willow Run center also maintains three national clearing-houses. One is the Ballistic Missiles Radiation Center (BAMI-RAC) which collects, analyzes and disseminates information relative to ballistic missile radiation, a subject important in developing a defense against such missiles. BAMIRAC does significant technical research in this area.

An Infrared Information and Analysis center (IRIA) is now in its 13th year and disseminates information on infrared science and technology. A third center now in its seventh year disseminates information on “seismic detection of underground nuclear explosions.”

Although WRL is a nationwide information center, it proves reticent about disclosing the extent of its own activities.

The University makes a “Quarterly Compilation” of all research contracts on campus. But director Evaldson declines to release the information on WRL in the compilation because “I believe this goes into greater detail on our affairs than I could properly make public.”  He will release his own “compilation of the projects,” contained in the quarterly compilation.

Some of the project names tend to be euphemistic. For example a $48,731 Navy sponsored project described as “Passive Lopair Support Studies” with Donald S. Lowe a physicist in the Infrared and Optical Sensor Lab, is actually concerned with “The detection of chemical warfare agents using passive Lopair techniques.” In this project, which expires in January 1969, Lowe is studying the ability of a certain optical system (LOPAIR) to detect chemical warfare agents.

Scientists at the Willow Run center are actively involved in conducting classified symposiums. The Willow Run center continues to conduct the semi-annual meetings of the Anti-Missle Research Advisory Council (AMRAC) under sponsorship of the Defense Departments’ ARPA.

Willow Run scientists have also taken an active role in the ARPA sponsored “Counterinsurgency Research and Development Symposium (CIRADS). Among those who have attended the symposium are Evaldson, James T. Wilson, head of IST, and Marvin Holter, head of the infrared and optical sensor lab at WRL.

This year the University helped plan and sponsor the second annual CIRADS conference held in Houston in June. George Zissis, head of the infared physics lab at WRL was program chairman.

Zissis says that the conference “was an interdisciplinary effort to find out what causes insurgency. We had political scientists deliver papers on the difficult problem of how you handle indigenous forces in friendly contries.”

“This was an effort to give people who have been doing classified work in this field a chance to get together and share their information.”

Zissis says about 300 to 400 persons attended the conference. “There were people from British Intelligence, Thailand, Australia, Hughes Aircraft, the Rand Corporation, George Washington University, and the Royal Canadian Dragoons.”

I tried to get someone to deliver a paper on how we could end the conflict in Vietnam but no one would do it.”

My family timeline (a work in progress)

1849

5 Jan 1849: birth of August Grayer in Posen Province, Prussia (my paternal great grandfather)

1875

20 March 1875: Carl Schmiling is born (maternal great grandfather of Drew)

1877

19 April 1877: Charles Emmett Whitmer (paternal grandfather of Tim Whitmer) is born in Kentucky

1881

20 July 1881: Alma Runke Schmiling is born (maternal great grandmother of Drew

1885

14 Sept 1885: Emilie “Amelia” Angelina Grayer is born in Scio, MI (Grandma Pet- Amelia Grayer Ream, my maternal grandmother)

16 Sept 1885 Grover Cleveland Ream (father of Gretchen Ream Hess and my paternal grandfather) is born in Denver, Miami County, IN

1890

20 May 1890: Aunt Babe (Helen Grayer Mayer, my maternal Great Aunt) is born

1891

6 Sept 1891: George Kellogg Hess, Sr. (my paternal grandfather)  is born in Benton Harbor, MI

1894

31 Jan 1894: Henrietta Spruhan is born in IL (mother of Robert L. Hess and my paternal grandfather)

1896

21 April 1896: Cora Noffsinger Whitmer (paternal grandmother of Tim Whitmer) is born in Kentucky

1911

28 Jun 1911: Henrietta Spruhan graduates from Austin High School in Chicago (mother of Robert Hess and my paternal grandmother)

1912

21 Jan 1912: Elbert Emil Schmiling is born (maternal grandfather of Drew Wiesner)

1915

15 Mar 1915: Olive Viste Schmiling is born (maternal grandmother of Drew Wiesner)

1917

13 Aug 1917:  August Grayer dies (maternal great grandfather of Hess girls)

4 Dec 1917:  Robert Emerson Ream is born (Uncle Bob, my mother’s brother)

1923

14 Nov 1923:  Tim Whitmer’s father Charles Emmett Whitmer, Jr. is born in Kentucky

1924

29 Sep 1924: Robert Hess is born in Orange, Essex. NJ

1925

4 Oct 1925 Gretchen Ream is born in Ann Arbor, MI

1926

14 April 1926: Robert Jack Groshans is born in Arkansas (paternal grandfather of my children)

20 Dec 1926:  Madeline Bravin Groshans  is born in PA (paternal grandmother of my grandchildren)

1930

1930 Census – Robert Hess, his parents and brother are living in Cook County, Chicago, IL (N. Neva Ave.)

1931

20 Jan 1931: Samuel Henry Barnes (father of Chris Barnes) is born in Mississippi

26 March 1931: Grover Ream dies in Ann Arbor, MI (maternal grandfather of Hess girls)

1933

24 Feb 1933:  Annabelle Bivona (mother of Chris Barnes) is born in New York, NY

1940

10 Aug 1940: Robert Hess is saved from electrical shock fence (16 years old)

1940 Census – Robert Hess, his parents and brother are living in Benton Harbor, MI (Benton Center Road)

1941

Gretchen is a sophomore at Ann Arbor High 16 years old

1942

Gretchen Ream is a junior at Ann Arbor High 17 years old

Robert Hess graduates from Benton Harbor High School and enters University of Michigan

25 Aug 1942: Robert L. Hess’ date of enlistment

1943

Gretchen Hess graduates from Ann Arbor High School

1 July 1943: Date of Entry into Active Service for Robert L. Hess

1944

26 March 1944: Eugene Norbert Wiesner is born in WI (father of Drew Wiesner)

8 Jun 1944: Joann Emma Schmiling is born in Algoma, WI (mother of Drew Wiesner)

1945

14 Feb 1945: Robert Hess is in V-12 program at University of Michigan

Robert Hess BSE – Engineering-Math BSE- Engineering-Mechanical while in the Navy V-12 program

2 Nov 1945: Robert Hess is appointed as an Ensign, US Navy (graduates from Midshipman school in New York)- this is date of commission

15 Dec 1945: Gretchen and Robert Hess wedding

1945 Gretchen and Robert honeymoon at Niagara Falls

1945 Gretchen lives on N. Main Street and Robert reports to New Port, RI

1946

April – Bob is on a naval shakedown at Guantanamo Bay

Robert Hess in an Instructor or Engineering Mechanics at the University of Michigan 1946-1949

7 July 1946: Robert Hess date of separation from US Naval Service

1947

Gretchen is a stenographer living with Robert at 719 Oakland Street, AA, MI

Robert Hess in an Instructor or Engineering Mechanics at the University of Michigan 1946-1949

1948

Robert Hess in an Instructor or Engineering Mechanics at the University of Michigan 1946-1949

1949

Robert Hess in an Instructor or Engineering Mechanics at the University of Michigan 1946-1949

Robert Hess is employed by Bell Laboratories from 1949 to 1952

1950

Robert Hess is employed by Bell Laboratories from 1949 to 1952

Robert Hess receives Ph.D. from the University of Michigan

1951

Robert Hess is employed by Bell Laboratories from 1949 to 1952

1952

Robert Hess is employed by Bell Laboratories from 1949 to 1952

18 Mar 1952: Mary Ann Hess is born in Bethlehem, PA

14 April 1952: Tim Whitmer is born

19 March 1952: Robert Jack Groshans marries Madeline Bravin in Washington, D.C.

1953

18 Feb 1953: Jack Francis Groshans is born in Ypsilanti, MI

1954

11 Feb 1954: Linda Claire Hess is born in Ann Arbor, MI

31 March 1954: Mark Andrew Groshans is born

6 Nov 1954:  Robert Ream marries Mary Virginia Meredith in San Diego, CA

1955

11 Feb 1955: Linda Claire turns 1 year old

1 May 1955: Grandma Grayer dies (Amelia Wistoff Grayer- maternal great grandmother of Hess girls)

1956

11 Feb 1956: Linda Claire turns 2 years old

4 Dec 1956: Marie Groshans is born

1957

11 Feb 1957: Linda Claire turns 3 years old

February – Hess girls visit paternal grandparents in Benton Harbor, MI

23 April 1957: Christopher Franklin Eugene Barnes is born

27 Nov 1957: Kathryn Sue Hess is born in Ann Arbor

Robert Hess was asked to oversee the work of the Willow Run Laboratories

1958

11 Feb 1958: Linda Claire turns 4 years old

8 Mar 1958: Carol Renee Groshans is born

March 1948: Robert Hess receives full professorship

1959

11 Feb 1959: Linda Claire turns 5 years old

9 Oct 1959: Glenn Robert Groshans is born

1960

11 Feb 1960: Linda Claire turns 6 years old

November- Robert Hess takes the black and white popular portrait photos of everyone in his family and the extended family

1961

11 Feb 1961: Linda Claire turns 7 years old

Hess family and Aunt Babe take big trip out west

1962

11 Feb 1962: Linda Claire turns 8 years old

31 Jan 1962: Paul Stephen Groshans is born

Joann Schmiling (Drew Wiesner’s mother) graduates from Algoma High School

13 Dec 1962: Alma Runke Schmiling dies (maternal great grandmother of Drew)

1963

11 Feb 1963: Linda Claire turns 9 years old

21 Apr 1963: Daniel Robert Groshans is born

1964

Gretchen does Christmas Program at Bethlehem

1964 and 1965: Robert Hess served as the personal representative of the U.S. Army’s Assistant Chief of Staff for Intelligence and led teams of scientists though a field review of the Army’s Combat Surveillance capabilities in Europe and in Korea.

1965

11 Feb 1965: Linda Claire turns 11 years old

7 Feb 1965: Thomas Michael Groshans is born

13 Feb 1965: Grandma Pet (Amelia Grayer Ream) dies

18 June 1965: Eugene Norbert Wiesner marries Joann Schmiling (Drew’s parents)

1966

11 Feb 1966: Linda Claire turns 12 years old

17 Jun 1966: Paul Stephen Groshans dies

18 Jun 1966: Wedding of Joann Schmiling to Eugene Wiesner

1 Jul 1966: Robert Hess receives 2nd highest Army award

Robert starts with HSRI

Robert is Chairman of the building committee at BUCC and the new Addition is completed

1967

11 Feb 1967: Linda Claire turns 13 years old

16 Oct 1967: Donna Susan Groshans is born

1968

7 April 1968: Linda Claire’s confirmation

1969

11 Feb 1969: Linda Claire turns 15 years old

10 Jan 1969: George Kellogg Hess, Sr. dies in Saint Cloud, FL

2 Oct 1969: Highway Safety Research Institute is dedicated

1970

11 Feb 1970: Linda Claire turns 16 years old

President Nixon names Robert Hess to National Highway Safety Advisory Committee for 3 years

31 May 1970: Robert Hess takes Linda Hess on European trip

28 Jun 1970: Jack Groshans graduates from St. John’s in Ypsilanti, MI

July 1970 to June 1973 Jack Groshans works at Ford Motor Company in Saline, as a decorating technician

4 Nov 1970: Kara Lynn Wiesner is born (sister of Drew Wiesner)

1972

02.11 Linda Claire turns 18 years old

07.06 Tim Whitmer’s father Charles Emmett Whitmer, Jr. dies

Linda Claire Hess graduates from Pioneer H.S. in Ann Arbor

1973

11 Feb 1973: Linda Claire turns 19 years old

Mary Ann is living in France. Tour d’Aygosi 7, Aix-en-Provence 13100, France

Robert Hess Consultant of the Secretary of the Army’s Scientific Advisory Panel 

April – Mary Ann is getting ready to return to America after a year abroad

Jack is at Lackland Air Force Base, San Antonio, TX (August 24th)

Jack is at the Defense Language Institute in Washington DC

Briarwood Mall opens in October

1974

11 Feb 1974: Linda Claire turns 20 years old

March 1974: Linda visits Jack in DC for spring break

April 1974: Khaki takes trip to Germany

May 4 1974: Mary Ann graduates from the University of Michigan

1 Sept 1974: Andrew Jacob Wiesner is born in WI

Claire and Hillsdale friends spend spring break in Washington DC

18 Nov 1974: Jack Groshans has honorable discharge from the US Air Force

1975

Jack was living at Aunt Rita’s house, 2225 Midvale, Ypsilanti, MI

1976

11 Feb 1976: Linda Claire turns 22 years old

15 May 1976: Linda Claire Hess graduates from Hillsdale College, Hillsdale, MI

1977

11 Feb 1977: Linda Claire turns 23 years old

February 1977 to April 1982: Jack Groshans works for the US Postal Service

13 Aug 1977: Groshans Wedding in Ann Arbor, MI

1978

11 Feb 1978: Linda Claire turns 24 years old

July 1978 Linda is Sales and Catering Manager for Weber’s Inn until March of 1980

1979

11 Feb 1979: Linda Claire turns 25 years old

Linda is Sales and Catering Manager for Weber’s Inn

1980

11 Feb 1980: Linda Claire turns 26 years old

Linda is Sales and Catering Manager for Weber’s Inn until March of 1980

September 1980: Drew enters 1st grade in Port Washington Public Schools. Teacher is Linda Schmidt.

1981

11 Feb 1981: Linda Claire turns 27 years old

3 July 1981: Amy Heather Groshans is born

September 1981: Drew enters 2nd grade in Port Washington Public Schools. His teacher was Mrs. Schubert.

13 Dec 1981: Amy baptized at BUCC

1982

11 Feb 1982: Linda Claire turns 28 years old

3 July 1982: Amy turns 1 year old

1983

11 Feb 1983: Linda Claire turns 29 years old

3 July 1983: Amy turns 2 years old

September 1983- December 1984 Jack Groshans attends Washtenaw Community College

1984

11 Feb 1984: Linda Claire turns 30 years old

Linda Claire works at Chi Systems as Fulfillment Manager for Hospital Purchasing Management publication.

17 Mar 1984: Robert Jack Groshans dies (paternal grandfather of my children)

8 April 1984: Kristina Marie Whitmer is born

3 July 1984: Amy turns 3 years old

20 Sept 1984: Henrietta Spruhan Hess dies in Kissimmee, FL (mother of Robert Hess)

Robert Hess retires from HSRI

1985

11 Feb 1985: Linda Claire turns 31 years old

3 July 1985: Amy turns 4 years old

1986

11 Feb 1986: Linda Claire turns 32 years old

19 April 1986: Jack Groshans graduates from Eastern Michigan University

3 July 1986: Amy turns 5 years old

11 Oct 1986: Dan Groshans marries Elizabeth Gianakaris

Amy goes to Kindergarten at Jack and Jill

February – Amy and I go to Disney with Grandma and Grandpa

1987

Sept 1987 : Amy starts 1st grade at St. Thomas the Apostle

1988

Sept 1988: Amy starts 2nd grade at St. Thomas the Apostle

1989

Sept 1989: Amy starts 3rd grade at St. Thomas the Apostle

8 Jan 1989: Charles Robert Whitmer is born

30 Jan 1989: Amy scalds her chest

11 Feb 1989: Linda Claire turns 35 years old

1 April 1989: Kathryn Sue Hess marries Christopher Barnes

3 July 1989: Amy turns 8 years old

28 July 1989: Radisson grand opening

1990

3 July 1990: Amy’s pirate birthday party

Sep 1990: Amy starts 4th grade at St. Thomas the Apostle- her homeroom teacher is Mrs. V. Frank

Jack, Linda Claire (pregnant) and Amy go on vacation to Jamaica

1991

11 Feb 1991: Linda Claire turns 37 years old

03.29–04.05 in Florida before going to Jamaica (I think)

5 April 1991: arrive in Montego Bay – Jamaica (Claire is pregnant on this trip)

2 May 1991: Blake Andrew Barnes is born

3 July 1991: Amy turns 10 years old

August 1991: Amy and Claire go to Valley View condos at Grand Traverse Resort with Grandma and Grandpa. Jack joins us for the last weekend. The Whitmers also joined us. 16th floor brunch at the Grand Traverse.

Sept 1991: Amy starts 5th grade at St. Thomas the Apostle

31 Oct 1991: Michael Robert Groshans is born

1992

02.11 Linda Claire turns 38 years old

March- Amy broken wrist

14 Jun 1992: – Drew graduates from Port Washington H.S.

June – Kara graduates from La Crosse U.W, system

3 July 1992: Amy turns 11 years old

August – Groshans family reunion in Vancouver

31 Oct 1991: Mike turns 1 year old

Amy wearing braces

1993

02.11 Linda Claire turns 39 years old

3 July 1993: Amy turns 12 years old

July trip to Wonderland in Toronto.

3 Sept 1993: Grant Hayes Groshans is born (son of Glenn Groshans)

4 Sept 1993: Donna Groshans marries Todd Michael Gorsuch

31 Oct 1993: Mike turns 2 years old

1994

3 July 1994: Family trip to Disneyworld

Summer Amy in Camp Talahi

1 Sept. 1994: Drew (junior at U of W Madison) spends a semester at the University of London living in the Bloomsbury District of London until 15 Dec. 1994.

Amy is in grade 8 (1994-1995) at St. Thomas.

1995

24 Jan 1995: Alexander Ryan Groshans is born (son of Dan and Beth Groshans)

11 Feb 1995: Linda Claire turns 41 years old

May – Amy confirmation from BUCC

3 July 1995: Amy turns 14 years old

31 Oct 1995: Mike turns 4 years old and is in preschool

Linda Claire Hess Groshans and Jack Groshans are divorced

1996

Mike starts Kindergarten at Jack and Jill

Drew graduates from University of Wisconsin-Madison May 1996

1997

Mike starts 1st Grade at Abbott Elementary School

1 June 1997: Laura Groshans is born (daughter of Dan and Beth Groshans)

15 August 1997: Kevin Matthew Barnes is born

1998

Mike starts 2nd grade at Pittsfield Elementary School in 1997

2 July 1998: trip to Belle Isle with Bob Shafe

04.01 Linda Claire Groshans purchases 2725 Yost Blvd

1999

06.10 Amy Groshans graduates from Pioneer H.S. in Ann Arbor

11.03 Thomas Groshans marries Teresa Francis Steszewski

Mike starts 3rd grade at Pittsfield Elementary School

2000

Summer & Winter Amy works at Pfizer Global Research and Development 2800 Plymouth Road, Ann Arbor, MI and Summer 2001

Mike starts 4th grade at Pittsfield Elementary School

Amy and Mike have trip to Hawaii

2001

Summer – Amy works at Pfizer Global Research and Development 2800 Plymouth Road, Ann Arbor, MI

Amy works from August to Dec 2001 State of Michigan House of Representatives, State Capitol, Lansing, MI 48909 517-373-0846 Representative James L. Koetje, 74th District of Michigan

Amy lives at 211 E. 53rd St., Apartment 9B, New York, New York, USA

Mike starts 5th grade at Pittsfield Elementary School

Amy and Mike have cruise to Alaska

2002

03.15 bad winter storm on Yost

05.02 Elbert Emil Schmiling dies (maternal grandfather of Drew Wiesner)

08.23 Catherine Elizabeth Groshans is born (daughter of Tom and Teresa Groshans)

Mike starts 6th grade at Scarlett Middle School

Amy and Mike have a trip to St. Thomas

2003

August 11 we were in Oscoda

May – Amy graduates from Michigan State University

2004

Mike finishes 7th grade

03.17 Benjamin Michael Groshans is born (son of Tom and Teresa Groshans)

12.09 Robert Ream dies

Mike goes to boy scout jamboree

2005

15 May 2005: Drew graduates from Cornell

1 Jan 2005: Amy’s visit to Connecticut to visit Tom, Teresa, Cate and Ben

18 June 2005: Amy marries Bill Hasler

Bill Hasler accepts a job in Los Angeles

14 June 2005: Mike Groshans has 8th grade graduation from Mill Creek School in Dexter, MI

Claire starts at Bethlehem Church

2006

05.15 Journey to Jerusalem room

11.01 Gretchen Lois Ream Hess dies

Mike is 15 years old on 10-31-91 and finishes 9th grade at Huron High School

Mike takes a summer trip to the Boundary Waters with Boy Scouts

Mike does a Habitat trip in Alpena and then comes directly to Oscoda

Amy and Bill living in Los Angeles, but also then move into NYC apartment

Kristy graduates from MSU – Bachelor of Science, Zoology

2007

Mike is 16 years old on 10-31-91 and finishes 10th grade at Huron H.S.

08.31 Mark Groshans dies

2008

Mike is 17 years old on 10-31-91 and finishes 11th grade at Huron H.S.

10.20 Ann marries Jon

2009

April – Amy and Drew trip to Cancun

06.03 – Mike Groshans and Blake Barnes graduate from Huron High School

06.25 Amy in Marathon

July – Drew hunts in Nambia with his father

Ma

Fall- Mike starts at the University of Michigan as a freshman

2010

Mike starts work at CITI in the school year and summer of 2010

Hawaiian shirt photos at Mike’s work 12-7

11.21 Amy in Philadelphia Marathon

05.07 Kristy graduates from MSU College of Veterinary Medicine

2011

February 2011: Drew and Amy get engaged

February 2011: Amy and Drew go to San Francisco and Napa Valley with Wiesner family

Mike works at CITI in the school year and summer of 2011

30 July 2011: wedding shower

10 Sept 2011: Amy Heather marries Andrew Jacob Wiesner in New York

Claire’s Arm surgery

2012

Mike starts work at Arbor Networks as an intern in the summer of 2012

14 Jan 2012: Eugene Norbert Wiesner dies (father of Drew Wiesner)

12 Feb 2012: Amy and Drew move to Addison Street

11.13 Eugene Jack Wiesner is born in WI

Mike graduates in the winter of 2012 from the U of M

2013

19 April 2013: Kara Wiesner marries Tom Martin

Mike starts full time at Arbor Networks in January

2014

Mike starts at Twilio in April 2014 and moves to San Francisco

2015

sale of house on Yost Blvd.

2016

July 3rd – Claire moves to Seattle Washington

2017

05.19 Robert Lawrence Hess dies

October – Claire leaves job at Christ Episcopal Church in Seattle after 14 months employment

2018

Claire buys condo in Ann Arbor in April 2018

Amy and Drew sell Portland OR home

Amy, Drew and EJ move to Germany

Ole Eriksen Eggen 1849-1928

Ole was the 3rd great grandfather of our family friend Eric. Here is a chart to how they connect:

Ole Eriksen Eggen was born on February 10, 1849, in Røros, Sor-Trondelag, Norway. He married Olava (Olive) Estensdotter Long (Langen) on November 15, 1874. They had 11 children in 22 years. He died on July 26, 1928, in McGregor, Iowa, at the age of 79, and was buried there.

In the 1900 US census, Ole stated that he had immigrated to the states in 1873. In this same census, he lists his occupation as a farmer. He would have been 23 years old when he arrived in the US. His parents both were born and died in Norway, so this leads me to believe that he did not see them again after moving here.

Ole became a naturalized citizen on 9 Sept 1879.

I found the death certificate for Ole. I believe that it says he died as a result of an accident with a bull!

He is buried in Iowa. https://www.findagrave.com/memorial/75704246

What kind of work did our grandparents do?

My nephew, Kevin, inspired me by a question that he asked some time ago. That question has very much been in the back of my mind for some time now. The question was, “what kind of work (occupations) did our ancestors have?” So, today, I thought I would start to document some of the occupations that make up my story of ancestry and the also the ancestry story of those that I love. I will simply write a paragraph or so about several of those ancestors and hope that you will enjoy sharing your insight into this topic as well.

GROVER CLEVELAND REAM – CARPENTER – MY MATERNAL GRANDFATHER

I will start with my maternal grandfather. His name was Grover Cleveland Ream. He was born on 16 Sept. 1885 in Denver, Miami County, Indiana. In the US census from 1900, Grover was living in Ann Arbor, MI and was a mere 14 years old. The 1900 census shows that his father Benjamin Ream (my great grandfather) was a carpenter. Grover, like his father, would also become a carpenter. It was always my understanding that he was exceptional at his trade. I found a copy of his death certificate that shows the last date that he was engaged in his occupation was February of 1931. He died the next month on 26 Mar 1931. He was young, only 45 years old at his death. My mother was a mere 5 years old at the time her father died. In my ancestry notes, I have copies of news articles showing his association with the Carpenter’s Union 512 of Ann Arbor where he served as an officer. In addition to many of the important buildings he constructed, there was also the home he built for his family at 520 N. Main Street, Ann Arbor, MI that would become not only a residence, but a guest home.

EMILIE “AMELIA” ANGELINA GRAYER REAM – GUEST HOUSE HOST – MY MATERNAL GRANDMOTHER

My maternal grandmother was Emilie “Amelia” Angelina Grayer Ream. She was born on 14 Sept. 1885 in Ann Arbor, Washtenaw County, Michigan. Actually, as I write this blog, I notice for the first time that my grandparents birthdays were a mere 2 days apart. My grandmother would affectionally be called “Grandma Pet. ” I loved her beyond measure. She died 1 day after my 11th birthday party on 13 Feb 1965. I have many treasured memories of her humor, sweetness, and joy for life. My grandmother’s occupation was to run the guest home in her residence on Main Street in Ann Arbor. I was under the impression that the guests who stayed at the home were primarily business or sales men who were often associated the University of Michigan. In the basement of the home was a large ironing mangle (it impressed me greatly) that was used to iron the sheets of the house guests.

GEORGE KELLOGG HESS, SR. – ELECTRICAL ENGINEER, ORCHARD FARMER, POLITICAL ACTIVIST – MY PATERNAL GRANDFATHER

My paternal grandfather was George Kellogg Hess, Sr. He was born 6 Sept. 1891 in Benton Harbor, Berrien County, Michigan. He was born on a successful fruit farm whose harvests supplied the Chicago market and other large cities. He wanted to leave the farm! My father told me that George did NOT want to be a farmer. In the WWI draft application he completed on 5 June 1917, he states that he is employed by Western Electric Company, Hawthorne Station, Chicago. He went on to graduate from the University of Michigan in 1921 with a degree in Electrical Engineering. I have been told that he was a genius. He worked in Chicago for the electrical company until 1930. Perhaps you will recall the story my father told us so often. My father became direly ill in 1930 (he was 5 years old) and the doctors in Chicago said the only hope for my father’s survival was to move the family to the countryside and out of the large city. What? I know…huh? Anyway, this put George back at the orchard farm in Benton Harbor, MI. This was the same place he had so wanted to leave as a young man. My father’s story is even more amazing because at exactly the same time as my father became ill, George’s father Juan Hess died leaving the farm to George. George must have not liked going back to the farm enough that when his obituary was written it states that he “was a retired electrical engineer” without mention of his successful management of the farm. I have collected numerous newspaper articles that show that George was an activist, even to the point of traveling to Washington to lobby for certain changes that primarily related to pipelines, farm taxes and migrant workers.

HENRIETTA SPRUHAN – PATERNAL GRANDMOTHER- MUSICIAN AND DICTAPHONE OPERATOR

Henrietta was born on 31 Jan 1894 in Illinois. In 1914 she graduated from the Chicago Musical College. She was a very accomplished pianist. (As a note, in 1930 when the family was forced to move to Benton Harbor, MI and back to the farm, she would not agree to go unless she had her grand piano too.) In the 1920 census, Henrietta was 26 years old and single. She is living with her parents. In the census records, she lists her occupation as Dictaphone Operator. I recall that my father told me this was an honorable position that she was able to claim because her pianist’s hands moved so quickly on the keys of the dictaphone.

EUGENE LUDLOW BARNES “E.L.” – PATERNAL GRANDFATHER OF MY SISTER’S HUSBAND- SCHOOL TEACHER, COACH, SHEET METAL WORKER AT A SHIP YARD, A CHEIF DEPUTY SHERIFF AND UNION OFFICIAL.

E.L. was born on 5 August 1906 in Bond, Stone, Mississippi. His home in the 1930 census (when he was 23 years old) was in Columbia, Marion, Mississippi. He listed his occupation as school teacher. In the 1940 census, he still is a teacher and states that he has had 3 years of college education. (This question was particular to the 1940 census, so I don’t know when he actually attended college.) It is known that he was a graduate of Mississippi College. In 1940 he was living in Hattiesburg, Forrest, Mississippi.

ALICE “CHRISTINE” THOMPSON- PATERNAL GRANDMOTHER OF MY SISTER’S HUSBAND- STUDENT, HOMEMAKER

Christine was born on 10 June 1905 in Grange, Lawrence County, Mississippi. In the 1930 census she is 24 years old and states that she is a student. This must have been college, but I do not have educational records for her. In the 1940 census she lists her education level as having completed 1 year of college.

FRANCESCO “FRANK” BIVONA- MATERNAL GRANDFATHER OF MY SISTER’S HUSBAND- CLERK IN SILK FACTORY, CONTRACTOR, INSURANCE AGENT

Frank was born on the 30 November 1904 in Mendoza, Argentina. He arrived in New York in 1916. In the 1920 census, Frank states that he is a clerk in a silk factory. In his 1928 petition for citizenship, he lists his occupation as contractor. In the 1940 census, he lists his occupation as an Insurance Agent. In the 1940 census, folks were asked to record their level of education. Frank states that he had completed school through 6th grade.

ANGELINA “ANGIE” CIRABISI – MATERNAL GRANDMOTHER OF MY SISTER’S HUSBAND – CLOTHING INDUSTRY

Angie was born on 6 September 1909 in New York City, New York. In the 1940 census she lists her occupation as worker in the clothing industry.

Henry Griffin Scarborough 1780-1852 of South Carolina

Alfred was the 4th great uncle of my brother-in-law

Sometimes, when I trace our family story, I have to look at other family members to find out more information about one of our direct ancestors. In other words, our direct ancestor may not have been researched as thoroughly as one of their children, siblings or another relative of theirs. The photo above, is a 4th great uncle so he is a child of our direct ancestor and 4th great grandfather Henry.

Henry and Frances Stuckey Scarborough were the 4th great grandparents of my brother-in-law. It was Henry and Frances’ child Sarah “Kizzie” Scarborough that would become the direct line to my brother-in-law’s family. “Kizzie” was a younger sister to Alfred who is pictured above.

The first thing I notice from the photo caption above is that Henry (who was the 4th great grandfather of Christopher Barnes)  had a plantation in the Sumter District of South Carolina. It turns out that Henry’s father also owned a plantation.

Henry  (who was the 4th great grandfather of Christopher Barnes)  was born in 1780 in South Carolina. He died in 1852: https://www.findagrave.com/memorial/33959975

Henry (who was the 4th great grandfather of Christopher Barnes)  is listed in the 1820 census. I have a summary of that census below: 

1820 census (Sumter, SC) Note: in 1820 Henry was 39 years old.

By the time of the 1840 census, Henry had 10 slaves. 

Henry’s father (the 5th great grandfather of my brother-in-law)  was Addison Scarborough 1754-1831.  I was able to find an 1820 census for Addison. In 1820 Addison was 66 years old.

Lewis Ferdinand Scheidel 1867-1930

Lewis F. Scheidel

Here is a list of descendants that connect Lewis Ferdinand Scheidel as a 2 x great grandfather to my friend Eric.

Lewis Ferdinand Scheidel (1867 – 1930)
2nd great-grandfather of my friend Eric
Oscar Augustine Scheidel (1903 – 1978)
Son of Lewis Ferdinand Scheidel
Patricia Josephine Scheidel (1938 – 2014)
Daughter of Oscar Augustine Scheidel
Barbara Maguire 
Daughter of Patricia Josephine Scheidel
Eric Anderle 
Son of Barbara Maguire
When Lewis Ferdinand Scheidel was born on January 30, 1867, in Alpine, Michigan, his father, Ferdinand, was 38 and his mother, Catherine Vierheilig, was 34.
LEWIS’ MOTHER: Lewis’ mother was Catherine Vierheilig who was born on 14 June 1832 in Bad Kissingen, Bavaria, Germany. She died on 1 Nov 1901 in Alpine Township, Kent, MI.
In the 1880 US census, Catherine is 48 years old. She lists her birthplace as Bavaria. Her occupation is “keeping house.” She lives in Alpine, Kent, MI. Her husband was 57 at the time of this census and is working as a farmer. His birth location is stated to be Baden.
In the 1900 US census, Catherine is 67 years old. She stated that she immigrated to the US in 1832. That was also the year of her birth. She clearly lists her birth location as Germany.
LEWIS’ FATHER: Lewis’ father was Ferdinand “Fred” George Scheidel. Here is a photo found on Ancestry.
Ferdinand Fred George Scheidel
LEWIS’ WIFE: Lewis married Alice Katherine Williams on September 3, 1889. They had 14 children in 19 years. Alice was a direct ancestor and 2x great grandmother to Eric.
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Lewis Ferdinand Scheidel wedding pic
Alice’s death certificate was an important genealogy tool for me because it gives the names and birth locations of Alice’s parents and those would be Eric’s 3x great grandparents! An interesting note for me is the introduction of Eric’s ancestry connections to England.
death certificate of Alice Katherine Williams Scheidel
LEWIS’ DEATH:
Lewis died on October 8, 1930, in Alpine, Michigan, at the age of 63, and was buried in Comstock Park, Michigan. Note that his death certificate has an error. His name seems to be hand-written as Lewis…but is typed in as Louis. This type of error was very common for the time period. Spelling often seemed to be a sort of “free for all.”
death certificate of Lewis Scheidel
This amazing photo below was shared on Ancestry. It does not give a photo legend for each of the persons but is titled “Family portrait of Lewis Ferdinand Scheidel.” This photo must certainly also include Oscar Augustine Scheidel who was Eric’s great grandfather!
family portrait of Lewis Scheidel